|LEGAL SITUATION OF OCCITAN|
The legal situation of Occitan is very different in the three countries where it is spoken. In its main part (France), Occitan is ignored by the authorities while more interesting situations are to be found in Spain and Italy.
In Spain (Val d'Aran), Occitan is co-official language, on equal terms with Catalan and Spanish. The Aranese speech, pertaining to Gascon dialect is used. Official documents and traffic signs are in Occitan. The language is tought in schools as teaching language. Public authorities helps the language by financing press and book edition.
In Italy, Occitan gained in 1999 a status which should lead to a normalization process similar to what is found in Spain. But decisions and laws are not yet done.
In France, Occitan is considered
as a "regional language". With this stautus, it can (but does not have
to) be taught in schools, on the same principle as a foreign language.
Moreover, the administration is often hostile, and laws are ambiguous and
contradictory. Most of them the second article of the constitucion,
modified in 1992 to add that only French is the language of the State.
Outside these few public courses, everything has to be developed on an
associative or private basis.
|Ponchs de vista e critica de la situacion en França.|
Below are displayed
argumented critiscisms about the way the French institutions treat the
languages other than French. Are also displayed propositions to change
|Les excès du Conseil constitutionnel, by Roger Pinto. The author is Emeritus professor at La Sorbonne university, and honorary president of the United Nations administrative court. In this paper, R. Pinto shows by juridic arguments that the Conseil constitutionnel (the French Supreme court) went outside its field of competence each time it has opposed some attempts of evolution of the status of France's other languages.|
|CALF. The Comitee for France Languages Development, presents arguments and an e-petition to force radical changes in the way the French institutions treat the other cultures of France.|